Test your Greek vocabulary skills with a synonym/antonym exercise. The exercise is two-fold: a) you need to know the meaning of the provided word/ phrase, b) you need to know the meaning of the words/ phrases from the multiple-choice options. Can you find the correct answer?
Today’s Greek listening comprehension exercise (number 11) will be mentioning some confusing Greek verbs and phrasal verbs. An example the use of the Greek verb “to do” (κάνω) along with nouns such as “bike” (κάνω ποδήλατο).
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The Passive Voice in Modern Greek is called «Παθητική Φωνή» and it is used to emphasize the action and not the subject in a sentence. It is also used when the subject is unknown. The Modern Greek Passive Voice is formed differently from English and often puzzles non-native speakers. For example, why does the Greek verb “to sleep” is always in Passive Voice?
Greek verbs can be active, passive, or have both an active and passive form. It is generally easy to distinguish a passive from an active verb. For example, Greek passive verbs in the present tense end in -μαι -σαι -ται -μαστε -στε -νται.
«Ο μάγειρας ετοιμάζει το φαγητό. Το φαγητό ετοιμάζεται.»
“The cook is preparing the food. The food is being prepared.”
Here is how to form the Passive Voice in Greek:
You can’t memorize the meaning of every single verb at once. The more you read in Greek, and the more you listen native speakers talk, the easier it will be to understand the use of each verbs in different contexts. Be patient and try not to use the grammatical rules that apply in your native language when forming the Greek Passive Voice.
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Learning a new language might be challenging at first, especially when you are unfamiliar with the alphabet and the phonetics. A lot of English speakers or speakers of any of the Romance languages feel this way when contemplating whether they should learn modern Greek. It might seem intimidating but the truth is that you are already speaking Greek and you don’t even know it. If you follow these tips, learning Greek will turn into an easy and enjoyable process. No need to spend hours studying grammatical rules; learning Greek can turn into a fun hobby of yours.