Are you progressing in your Greek language learning journey but you are unaware whether you have grasped the basics of the Greek grammar/ Here are three exercises to practice and test your Greek grammar skills. You will find the answers at the bottom of the page.
Helinika created a table with 30 common Greek verbs (regular/irregular, active/passive). Learning Greek is much easier than you think. Start by memorizing these verbs and you will already be able to maintain short conversations in Greek!
The modern Greek language uses cases to distinguish the role and funtion of nouns, pronouns, adjectives, participles, and numerals within a sentence. Although there were five cases in ancient Greek, the modern Greek language only uses four of them.
Did you know that there are 150.000 words of Greek origin in the English vocabulary? Many more languages have also adopted some words – usually anything that starts with “psych” and “phil”. Today’s listening comprehension video exercise will help you understand the roots of some very common words.
Many languages have borrowed vocabulary from Greek. But the Greek language has also many loanwords from English, French, Italian, Turkish… Today we will be seeing a few of these borrowed words from other European languages.
Today’s Greek listening comprehension exercise (number 11) will be mentioning some confusing Greek verbs and phrasal verbs. An example the use of the Greek verb “to do” (κάνω) along with nouns such as “bike” (κάνω ποδήλατο).
The modal verb “can” is translated into «μπορώ». The same applies for the verb “to be able to”. The verb «μπορώ» is used very often and, contrary to the English verb “can”, it is conjugated in multiple tenses.
Π.χ. Θα μπορούσαμε να γίνουμε καλύτεροι στο μέλλον.
E.g. We could get better in the future.
Μπορώ in Μέλλοντας Εξακολουθητικός (Future Continuous)
Π.χ. Υιοθέτησε τον σκύλο. Θα μπορείς να τον φροντίζεις;
E.g. Adopt the dog. Will you be able to take care of him?
Μπορώ in Παρακείμενος (Perfect Tense)
Π.χ. Εσείς έχετε μπορέσει να κάνετε μεγάλη πρόοδο.
E.g. You have been able to make a huge progress.
Μπορώ in Υπερσυντέλικος (Past Perfect)
Π.χ. Είχαν μπορέσει να κάνουν μεγάλη πρόοδο, μέχρι που απογοητεύτηκαν.
E.g. (They) had been able to make a big progress, until they got disappointed.
Μπορώ in Μέλλοντας Συντελεσμένος (Future Perfect)
θα έχω μπορέσει
θα έχεις μπορέσει
θα έχει μπορέσει
θα έχουμε μπορέσει
θα έχετε μπορέσει
θα έχουν μπορέσει
Π.χ. Θα έχω μπορέσει να αγοράσω το σπίτι πριν γίνω 30.
E.g. I will have been able to buy the house before I turn 30.
Learning Greek by yourself is possible but receiving guidance and support can help you reach your goals much faster. You can learn the basics of the Greek language with Helinika’s complete course for absolute beginners. Claim your Udemy discount and start learning Greek:
The most common modern Greek verb is the verb “είμαι” (to be). The Greek verb “to be” has only three forms: one for the present, one for the future, and one for the past. There are no specific forms for every single modern Greek tense for the verb “είμαι”.
The modern Greek language uses cases to distinguish the role and funtion of nouns, pronouns, adjectives, participles, and numerals within a sentence. Although there were five cases in ancient Greek, the modern Greek language only uses four of them: Nominative (Ονομαστική), Genitive (Γενική), Accusative (Αιτιατική), Vocative (Κλητική). Dative (Δοτική) is no longer used.
Now that you have learned how to form all the modern Greek tenses, it would be very helpful to have some of the most common Greek verbs in the first person singular of every single tense. Helinika created a table with 30 common Greek verbs (regular/irregular, active/passive). Learning Greek is much easier than you think. Start by memorizing these verbs and you will already be able to maintain short conversations in Greek!
If you are interested in learning Greek but there are no classes taking place in your area, don’t be discouraged. Helinika, a platform dedicated to the Greek language, history, and culture, offers affordable Greek language lessons online. Learn Greek during Quarantine.
The Passive Voice in Modern Greek is called «Παθητική Φωνή» and it is used to emphasize the action and not the subject in a sentence. It is also used when the subject is unknown. The Modern Greek Passive Voice is formed differently from English and often puzzles non-native speakers. For example, why does the Greek verb “to sleep” is always in Passive Voice?
Greek verbs can be active, passive, or have both an active and passive form. It is generally easy to distinguish a passive from an active verb. For example, Greek passive verbs in the present tense end in -μαι -σαι -ται -μαστε -στε -νται.
«Ο μάγειρας ετοιμάζει το φαγητό. Το φαγητό ετοιμάζεται.»
“The cook is preparing the food. The food is being prepared.”
Here is how to form the Passive Voice in Greek:
You can’t memorize the meaning of every single verb at once. The more you read in Greek, and the more you listen native speakers talk, the easier it will be to understand the use of each verbs in different contexts. Be patient and try not to use the grammatical rules that apply in your native language when forming the Greek Passive Voice.
Looking for an article that explains the formation of the tenses in modern Greek? You came to the right place. Here are “οι χρόνοι των ρημάτων” (the tenses of the verbs) in Greek.
Grammatical tenses help us understand whether we refer to the past, present, or future. They also specify duration and are manifested by the use of verbs. The modern Greek language has eight (8) tenses: Ενεστώτας, Αόριστος, Παρατατικός, Παρακείμενος, Υπερσυντέλικος, Μέλλοντας Στιγμιαίος, Μέλλοντας Εξακολουθητικός, Μέλλοντας Συντελεσμένος.
The Greek Present Tense | Ο Ενεστώτας
The Greek Present Tense is called “Ενεστώτας”. It describes events and actions that happen in the present time. Ενεστώτας is both Present Simple and Present Continuous. Here is how to form it:
The Greek Future Simple and Future Continuous | Ο Μέλλοντας Στιγμιαίος & Ο Μέλλοντας Εξακολουθητικός
The Greek Future Simple is called “Μέλλοντας Στιγμιαίος” or “Απλός Μέλλοντας” and it describes actions and events that will happen once in the future. On the other hand, the Greek Future Continuous, “Μέλλοντας Εξακολουθητικός, describes actions that will be happening in the future. Here is how to form them:
The Greek Perfect Tenses: Παρακείμενος, Υπερσυντέλικος & Μέλλοντας Συντελεσμένος
In modern Greek, the Present Perfect is called “Παρακείμενος”, the Past Perfect is called “Υπερσυντέλικος”, and the Future Perfect is called “Μέλλοντας Συντελεσμένος”. The verb “έχω” (to have) is used in all three tenses. Here is how to form them:
The Greek Past Tenses: Αόριστος & Παρατατικός
When talking about the past, Greeks use “Αόριστος” (Simple Past) and “Παρατατικός” (Past Continuous). Here is how to form the Greek Past tenses:
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