Seven Facts About Zeus (the Greek God) | #GreekMyths

Zeus is perhaps the most well-known Greek god of Mount Olympus. Apart from his leading role in several Greek myths, he has also been featured in countless contemporary books and films. Here are seven facts you should know about Zeus.

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7 Facts about Zeus

  1. Zeus is the Leader of the Olympian Gods
  2. Zeus Looks Much Hotter Than You Might Think
  3. Zeus Is a Womanizer and a Serial Cheater
  4. Zeus Weapon of Choice is the Thunderbolt
  5. Zeus Is Associated with Hospitality (Xenios Zeus)
  6. Zeus Was Raised by a… Goat
  7. Zeus Has a Different Name in Modern Greek

Zeus is the Leader of the Olympian Gods

Zeus is the ruler of Mount Olympus and the leader of all Greek gods and goddesses but also humans. His arrival was predicted by an orator. Before Zeus was in charge, the world was ruled by a Titan with cannibalistic tendencies: Cronus. Cronus feared the prophecy that said that one of his children would violently overthrow him. As soon as his wife would give birth to a baby, he would eat it alive. Zeus was the Titan’s youngest son and the only one who survived. Zeus saved his siblings from his father’s belly and destroyed him. He became Greece’s leading god, and he is often associated with the “father god” of monotheistic religions. However, his appearance and personality are far from these figures.

Zeus Looks Much Hotter Than You Might Think

Fatherly god figures are usually portrayed as old wise men with long white beards, rather than muscular and powerful young men. In some modern-day films and depictions, Zeus is also portrayed as an old man. But, in reality, Greek gods and goddesses were thought to be fit, young, and more attractive than most humans. The same goes for Zeus. Ancient Greek sculptures and pieces of art depict him this way. Although he sports a beard, his facial hair is not that of an old man. Zeus’ appearance evolved over time and there was a time when he was mostly depicted as a wise grandfather.

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Zeus Is a Womanizer and a Serial Cheater

Zeus is an attractive god who used his looks to seduce mortal women on a regular basis. It is impossible to count all of his affairs. Zeus is married to his sister, Hera, who ends up punishing the women Zeus sleeps with. When the ruler of Mount Olympus is rejected in his regular form, he transforms himself into different animals. He appeared to Europe as a bull, to Danae as golden rain, and Leda embraced Zeus in his swan form.

Zeus Weapon of Choice is the Thunderbolt

Zeus’s signature weapon is the thunderbolt. That is why he is also named as the “god of thunder”, throwing lightning bolts to his enemies from Mount Olympus. Zeus’s weapon was created by the Cyclops as a “thank you” gift for freeing them from the tyranny of the Titans.

Zeus Is Associated with Hospitality (Xenios Zeus)

Apart from the ruler of the gods and the god of thunder, Zeus has also another role; that of Xenios. Xenios Zeus is the god of hospitality (philoxenia). The latter was taken very seriously in ancient Greece. There were sacred rules that were followed religiously by those welcoming someone in their home. At the same time, people who wandered in places they’ve never been before had a god to pray to for protection. That was Xenios Zeus.

Zeus Was Raised by a… Goat

As mentioned earlier, Zeus was the only child of Cronus that was not consumed alive. That is because Rhea, his mother, had managed to hide him far from his tyrannical father. Cronus ended up eating a rock, which was swaddled like a baby. Zeus then grew up far away from his family in a cave in the island of Crete. He was raised by a goat named Amalthea. In some variations of the myth, Amalthea is not a goat but… a beautiful nymph.

Zeus Has a Different Name in Modern Greek

Ancient Greeks called Zeus “Ζευς”, hence his international name. But modern Greeks refer to Zeus as “Δίας” (Dias). If you studied ancient Greek in school, then you might know that the genitive of “Ζευς” is “Διός”. And it is assumed that this is the reason why modern Greeks call Zeus “Δίας”.

Do you have any other facts to add to the list? You can leave a comment down below! If you enjoyed watching this video, like, subscribe and share with a friend who loves ancient Greek mythology. At helinika.com and Helinika’s YouTube channel you will find plenty of articles and videos on the Greek language, history, and culture.

Greek Homophones and How to Distinguish Them (χήρα, χείρα…) | Bilingual Vlog #5 [ENG/GR]

Homophones (from the Greek homo- ὁμο‑, “same”, and phōnḗ φωνή, “voice, utterance) are words that sound the same but have a completely different meaning and, sometimes, different spelling. Here is a list of Greek homophones that sometimes confuse Greek language students. The list includes words that have the accent tone placed on a different syllable but still sound similar to the ears of a non-native speaker. No. 18 shows two words that have the same spelling but completely different meanings.

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18 Greek Homophones (Ομόηχες λέξεις)

  1. Χήρα – Χείρα
  2. Χήρος – Χοίρος
  3. Ευφορία – Εφορία
  4. Κλείνω – Κλίνω
  5. Κλήμα – Κλίμα
  6. Παίρνω – Περνώ
  7. Παϊδάκια – Παιδάκια
  8. Πιάνο – Πιάνω
  9. Ή – Η
  10. Λιμός – Λοιμός
  11. Όμως – Ώμος
  12. Ίσως – Ίσος
  13. Βάζω – Βάζο
  14. Κάνω – Κανό
  15. Μηλιά – Μιλιά
  16. Ψηλός – Ψιλός
  17. Τύχη – Τείχη – Τοίχοι
  18. Όρος – Όρος

Watch the video and learn how to pronounce and distinguish these Greek homophones.

Seven Greek Destinations and Sites for People Who Love Greek Mythology

“Live your myth in Greece” – the phrase used to be Greece’s motto in some older international tourism campaigns. And that was for a good reason. Imagine stepping at the birthplace of Apollo and Artemis or cliff jumping at the home of the Cabeirian Mysteries. A trip to Greece is not just a seaside vacation but also a time-travelling experience.

If you have subscribed to Helinika’s YouTube channel, there is a great chance you love ancient Greek mythology and history, while also enjoying travelling. Here are seven Greek destinations and sites for people who would love to visit the most mythical places in Greece. Before we get started, make sure to like this video if you love travelling and mythology!

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7 Greek Destinations and Greek Sites for People Who Love Mythology

  1. Mt. Olympus
  2. Athens
  3. Delphi
  4. Eleusina
  5. Delos
  6. Samothrace
  7. Olympia

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Olympia, Peloponnese

One of the most important Panhellenic religious sanctuaries was situated in a small town in Ilia (Elis), in the Peloponnese. The town was named after the Olympian gods and goddesses, and it is still known as “Olympia”. Not only that but this is where the ancient Olympic Games were held every four years. A modern town with the same name is situated near “Archaea Olympia”, which is the ancient town and archaeological site. In ancient Olympia you will find ancient temples and training grounds that are maintained in a very good condition. Great examples are the “Palaestra”, the training grounds of wrestlers, and the ruins of the Temple of Hera. A trip to Olympia can be compared to a… time-travelling experience.

Samothrace Island, Northern Aegean Sea

Samothrace has been mentioned in many of Helinika’s articles and videos. That is because it is not just one of Greece’s hidden beauties, but also one of the country’s most mysterious sites. The Greek island is located in the northern Aegean Sea and it attracts people who love nature and mythology. Samothrace (also seen as Samothraki) was a major religious site in ancient Greece. It was the place where the ancient Cabeirian Mysteries were held, while it is still the home of the Sanctuary of the Great Gods; a temple complex to a group of enigmatic Greek gods. By visiting Samothrace you can spend your summer vacation by the sea, in close proximity to one of the world’s most mysterious places.

Delos Island, Cyclades

Delos is another mysterious Greek island. Situated at the heart of the Cyclades, Delos is one of the most important mythological, historical, and archaeological sites in Greece. It was also reportedly the birthplace of Apollo and Artemis. Today it is a UNESCO World Heritage site which can only be visited during the day. Overnight stays are not allowed but you can book a day trip from the nearby island of Mykonos.

Eleusina, West Attica

Eleusina (also seen as Eleusis) is a small town in West Attica, in close proximity to the city of Athens. The town is mostly known for its archaeological site – one of the most visited and well-maintained sites in Greece. The town is associated with goddess Demetra and her daughter, Persephone, and it was the place where the enigmatic Eleusinian Mysteries were held. Eleusina is a place every mythology lover should visit at least once in their lifetime.  

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Delphi, Phocis

Most Greek myths and epic poems involve a prophecy and an orator. One of the most trusted ancient Greek oracles was the oracle of Delphi in Phocis, central Greece. You may have heard the name Pytho, who had the role of Pythia. Pythia was the high priestess of the Temple of Apollo at Delphi, who would give oracles for the future with the rustling of the leaves. Today, the area is an archaeological site and a UNESCO World Heritage site. A new town with the same name is in close proximity to the archaeological site. Visiting Delphi is truly a magical experience.

Athens, Attica

Athens is the capital of the Hellenic Republic of Greece and a popular destination for people who love history and mythology. Democracy was born in Athens. In Classical Antiquity, it was the most important cultural, artistic, and philosophical center in the West. The city is named after goddess Athena who, according to an old myth, offered the Athenians the olive tree. The production and export of olive oil reportedly contributed to the city’s financial success. The Greek capital has plenty of archaeological sites and museums, such as the Acropolis and the ancient Agora. Visiting Athens should definitely be on your list.

Mt. Olympus, Pieria

Ancient Greeks believed that Mount Olympus was the home of the twelve gods and goddesses who influenced every aspect of their lives. Zeus, Hera, Aphrodite, and the rest of the Olympians. Olympus is a real mountain located in Pieria in Northern Greece. It is the highest mountain in Greece and a World Biosphere Reserve. Gods and goddesses were thought to reside at 2.917 meters at its highest peak, Mytikas. Many hikers and climbers ascend to Mytikas to see Greece from Zeus’ perspective. If you are not an avid hiker, there are many traditional villages all around Olympus that you can drive to. There are also countless ancient and medieval sites, such as the archaeological park of Dion and the ancient city of Pydna. It goes without saying that Mount Olympus is the number one destination for people who love history, mythology, and nature.

Now, I am curious to hear if you have ever visited any of these places. If you liked this video, you can hit the like button and subscribe to stay connected.

Greek Input #7: Going Shopping in Greek (Greek Shopping Vocabulary) | Comprehensible Input

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Comprehensible input is a language learning method that helps you expand your vocabulary by listening and observing. Today’s Greek input video is all about shopping vocabulary. Grocery shopping, going to the market, shopping for clothes, and visiting the pharmacy. Let’s get started!

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Greek Shopping Vocabulary Input

Η Βασιλική πάει στο σούπερ-μάρκετ για τα ψώνια της εβδομάδας. Το σούπερ-μάρκετ βρίσκεται σε απόσταση αναπνοής από το σπίτι της. Η Βασιλική πάει στο σούπερ-μάρκετ με τις βαμβακερές τσάντες της. Έτσι, δεν χρειάζεται να αγοράζει πλαστικές σακούλες.

Το σούπερ-μάρκετ έχει πολλούς διαδρόμους με διάφορα προϊόντα. Ο πρώτος διάδρομος έχει φρούτα και λαχανικά, ενώ ο δεύτερος έχει είδη άρτου, όπως ψωμί, φρυγανιές, και πίτες. Άλλος διάδρομος έχει τα γαλακτοκομικά προϊόντα, όπως είναι το γάλα και το τυρί, άλλος τα δημητριακά, άλλος τα κατεψυγμένα, άλλος τα καθαριστικά προϊόντα, και ούτω καθεξής.

Η Βασιλική χρειάζεται ελάχιστα πράγματα: μια εξάδα αβγά, ένα καρβέλι ψωμί, και μισό κιλό πορτοκάλια. Γι’ αυτό δεν χρησιμοποίησε τα καρότσια του σούπερ-μάρκετ. Πήρε ένα καλάθι που ήταν στην είσοδο και έβαλε μέσα τα προϊόντα. Στην συνέχεια, πήγε στο ταμείο για να πληρώσει. Ο ταμίας σκάναρε τα προϊόντα και η Βασιλική πλήρωσε με κάρτα.

«Με κάρτα παρακαλώ».

Πριν γυρίσει σπίτι, η Βασιλική πήγε στην κεντρική Αγορά της πόλης για να αγοράσει κρέας και θαλασσινά. Στην είσοδο της Αγοράς βρίσκεται η κρεαταγορά. Η Βασιλική πήγε σε έναν πάγκο και είδε τις τιμές.

«Γεια σας! Μισό κιλό μοσχαρίσιο κιμά παρακαλώ».

«Βιολογικό ή από τον απλό;»

«Βιολογικό.»

Ο κρεοπώλης έβαλε το κρέας στην μηχανή του κιμά και στην συνέχεια τύλιξε τον κιμά.

«Ορίστε. Είστε στα τέσσερα ευρώ».

Η Βασιλική έδωσε ένα πεντάευρο, πήρε τα ρέστα και προχώρησε προς την ψαραγορά για να αγοράσει φρέσκα ψάρια.

«Καλησπέρα, θα ήθελα 250 γραμμάρια μαρίδα και δύο φιλέτα σολομού.»

«Έχουμε και φρέσκο χταποδάκι, να βάλω;»

«Όχι, ευχαριστώ.»

«Δώδεκα ευρώ παρακαλώ.»

Η Βασιλική πλήρωσε και έφυγε. Πριν γυρίσει σπίτι, η Βασιλική έκανε μία ακόμα στάση. Πήγε στο φαρμακείο για να προμηθευτεί μία φαρμακευτική αντηλιακή κρέμα και ένα αναλγητικό που δεν χρειάζεται συνταγή γιατρού.

«Γεια σας, θα ήθελα μια αντηλιακή κρέμα προσώπου με δείκτη 50. Επίσης, έχετε κάτι για τον πονοκέφαλο χωρίς συνταγή γιατρού;»

«Βεβαίως, μπορώ να σας δώσω ταμπλέτες παρακεταμόλης.»

«Ευχαριστώ. Μπορώ να πληρώσω με κάρτα;»

«Φυσικά. 20 ευρώ και 50 λεπτά».

Η Βασιλική γύρισε σπίτι, έβαλε τα πράγματα στην θέση τους και πήρε τηλέφωνο την φίλη της, Αφροδίτη. Η Αφροδίτη της πρότεινε να έρθει μαζί της στα μαγαζιά. Ψάχνει παπούτσια και φόρεμα για έναν γάμο.

Η Αφροδίτη και η Βασιλική μπήκαν σε ένα κατάστημα υποδημάτων.

«Γεια σας, ψάχνω ένα ζευγάρι πέδιλα.»

«Φλατ ή ψηλοτάκουνα;»

«Ψηλοτάκουνα, αλλά άνετα.»

«Εδώ στα δεξιά έχουμε όλα τα ψηλοτάκουνα πέδιλα. Αυτό εδώ με το χρυσό λουράκι νομίζω θα σας πηγαίνει πολύ.»

«Μπορώ να δοκιμάσω αυτό το ζευγάρι σε νούμερο 38;»

«Βεβαίως…»

Η πωλήτρια έφερε τα πέδιλα στο νούμερο που φοράει η Αφροδίτη.

«Σας είναι άνετα;»

«Ναι είναι πολύ άνετα. Ποια είναι η τιμή τους;»

«Η αρχική τους τιμή είναι 80 ευρώ, όμως έχουν έκπτωση και τώρα είναι στα 65 ευρώ.»

«Πολύ καλή τιμή, θα τα πάρω.»

Η Αφροδίτη και η Βασιλική στην συνέχεια μπήκαν σε ένα κατάστημα ρούχων.

«Καλησπέρα. Πώς μπορώ να σας εξυπηρετήσω;»

«Ψάχνω ένα φόρεμα για έναν γάμο που θα πάω το καλοκαίρι.»

«Ψάχνετε ένα μακρύ ή κοντό φόρεμα.»

«Μακρύ φόρεμα, μέχρι τις γάμπες. Θα ήθελα ένα απλό σχέδιο σε σκούρο μπλε ή πράσινο χρώμα.»

«Έχουμε ένα μπλε του ζαφειριού μεταξωτό φόρεμα.»

«Είναι πολύ όμορφο. Μπορώ να το δοκιμάσω;»

«Βεβαίως, τα δοκιμαστήρια είναι στα αριστερά. Πείτε μου το νούμερό σας και θα έρθω να σας το φέρω.»

«Συνήθως φοράω Μίντιουμ. Και σε νούμερα το 36 ή το 38.»

«Θα σας φέρω και το 36 γιατί το φόρεμα είναι σε χαλαρή γραμμή.»

Όσο η Αφροδίτη δοκίμαζε το φόρεμα, η Βασιλική βρήκε ένα παιδικό φορεματάκι και ήθελε να το δωρίσει στην ανιψιά της.

«Θα ήθελα αυτό το φορεματάκι για ένα κοριτσάκι 14 μηνών».

«Για δώρο; Να βάλω κάρτα αλλαγής.»

«Ναι, ναι… για δώρο.»

Η Βασιλική και η Αφροδίτη έφυγαν από τα μαγαζιά με τα ψώνια τους.

Have you ever been shopping in Greece? Leave a comment down below!

Top 10 Foods to Try in Greece | Greek Dishes You MUST Try

Greek food and Greek cuisine are popular around the world. As we have covered in a previous post, sometimes Greek cuisine is considered part of Mediterranean cuisine – based on fish, vegetables, and legumes. Other times, usually outside of Europe, it is considered part of Middle Eastern cuisine – incorporating many spices and red meat into its dishes.

This might be due to Greece’s geographic location – at the borders of Europe with Asia Minor – and its long history. The European country has indeed many dishes that can be described as “Mediterranean”, such as the Greek salad and the so-called fava spread. But there are also some dishes that can be described as “Middle Eastern”, such as moussaka. This also depends on the part of Greece you are visiting.

If you visit a Cycladic island that wasn’t colonized by the Ottomans, you will find more food options that fall under the “Mediterranean Cuisine” category. On the other hand, traditional dishes in Central and Northern Greece might include minced meat and red tomato sauce with lots of spices. Here is a list of 10 Greek dishes and food items you should try at least once when visiting Greece!

Top Ten Greek Dishes | Greek Food You Must Try

  1. Greek Salad (Choriatiki)
  2. Souvlaki or Gyros me Pita
  3. Fresh Grilled Fish (Big) or Fried Fish (Small)
  4. Traditional Filo Pie (Pita)
  5. Zucchini “Fries” or Zucchini “Balls” (Kolokythakia Tiganita, Kolokythokeftedes)
  6. Horta (Boiled Leafy Greens)
  7. Sweet and Savory Pastries (Kalitsounia, Baked honey feta…)
  8. Meze Food (Dolmadakia, Oysters…)
  9. Mageireuta (Moussaka, Gemista…)
  10. Traditional Spread on Bread (Tzatziki, Taramas, Fava…)

Traditional Spread on Bread

Instead of ordering a dish per person, Greek people prefer ordering a bunch of dishes and place them at the center of the table. They then pick small portions from each dish and transfer them on their empty plates. Just like a family does at home. Usually, a table is not complete without some freshly baked bread with a traditional homemade dip or spread.

The most popular Greek spread is tzatziki: a condiment consisting of Greek yoghurt, dried pieces of cucumber, minced garlic, olive oil, and vinegar or lemon juice. Other Greek spreads and dips are fava, which is made of split peas and onions, and taramosalata, which is made of fish eggs (tarama) and can be either pale yellow or pale pink in color (avoid bright pink tarama, since it is probably not homemade). Some of these spreads and dips can be found in neighboring countries as well.

Where you’ll find them: Greek dips and spreads are offered in most Greek tavernas and casual restaurants, along with delicious slices of bread or pita bread. Some restaurants might offer a wider variety of spreads, including melitzanosalata (an eggplant-based dip) and htypiti (a feta and vegetable based dip).

Mageireuta: Moussaka, Papoutsakia, Pastitsio, Gemista and More

Some of the most popular Greek dishes are called “mama’s food” or “mageireuta”. Mageireuta translates to “cooked”. These dishes are usually prepared slow-cooked in a pot on the stove or slow-roasted in the oven. Onions, garlic, and tomato sauce are three essential ingredients. Perhaps, the most popular “mageireuta” are moussaka, an eggplant, potato, and minced meat dish, and “papoutsakia” (translates to “little shoes”), a “lighter” version of moussaka. These dishes can also be found in many Eastern Mediterranean countries. There is also the Greek version of lasagna, which is called “pastitsio”.

Since they are served hot and contain lots of spices, mageireuta are usually consumed during the winter months. You don’t want to eat a big portion of moussaka, papoutsakia, or pastitsio during a heat wave. But there are, however, a few mageireuta that are mostly popular in the summer. These are “gemista” (stuffed vegetables) and “fasolakia kokkinista” (green beans in tomato sauce). These dishes are always served with a generous piece of feta cheese.

Where you’ll find them: Some of the most popular mageireuta, such as moussaka, can be found in generic Greek restaurants that you usually see in close proximity to metro stations, tourist attractions, and ports, or even outside of Greece. But it is recommended to try these dishes in tavernas and restaurants that specialize in these types of dishes. If the restaurant you are dining at doesn’t have a wide selection of mageireuta, you might end up tasting a piece of low-quality moussaka that was stored in the freezer and then reheated.

Meze Food (Greek Version of Tapas)

If you have ever visited an “ouzeri” or “tsipouradiko”, places where they serve ouzo and tsipouro respectively, then you might already know “meze” or “mezedes”: small plates with various delicacies.

To begin with, ouzo and tsipouro are both Greek alcoholic drinks that include various herbs, such as anise. They have been consumed for hundreds of years in Greece and they are now a popular summer drink. Greeks usually drink ouzo or tsipouro at an “ouzeri” or “tsipouradiko” and preferably by the sea.

If you want to drink ouzo or tsipouro like a local, you need a tall glass full of ice cubes. You then add a little bit of the spirit and, depending on your mood, you can also pour cold water. In some parts of Greece, people often add sour cherry juice to their glass of tsipouro.  

Ouzo and tsipouro are usually combined with meze food. Small cold and hot dishes, such as fried calamari, tzatziki, zucchini balls, oysters… anything that is available on that day. Keep in mind that many main and side dishes are served as meze – just in a smaller portion! In some parts of the country, such as Volos and Pelion, meze is often offered for free to anyone ordering tsipouro.

Where you’ll find them: Almost every Greek city, town, island, and village has at least an ouzeri or tsipouradiko. You can find meze food in these places, along with some traditional coffee shops known as “kafeneio”. Some tavernas also serve meze. It is less likely to find small dishes like these in fancy restaurants.

Sweet and Savory Pastries

Since you will be tasting Greek pitas, you should also try the lesser known sweet and savory pastries that are served as desserts. They are usually filled with cheese, such as feta, and then covered in honey and sometimes thyme and sesame.

The most popular sweet and savory pastry is “kalitsounia”. Kalitsounia are small cheese and herb snacks from the island of Crete. They are usually filled in with mizithra, cinnamon, lemon zest, and then covered in honey. In other parts of Greece, it is common to eat baked feta with honey and thyme.

Where you’ll find them: You will find these pastries in most Greek bakeries (fournos) and in some Greek restaurants and tavernas. Kalitsounia are eaten widely in Crete, whereas baked feta with honey and thyme is a popular desert in the Cyclades and other parts of Greece.

Horta (Boiled Leafy Green)

A lesser known but delicious Greek side dish in the summer is “horta”. Horta are wild greens such as wild amaranth, wild radish, prickly goldenfleece, duckweed and more. Greeks wash them carefully, boil them, and add olive oil, lemon, and salt.

Horta is a dish that few people who visit Greece try. However, it is a must! Fresh, healthy, and delicious. An authentic Greek dish that you should try at least once during your stay in Greece.

Where you’ll find them:  Most Greek tavernas offer Horta, depending on the season. Keep in mind that this is a dish that is rarely offered in Greek restaurants abroad.

Zucchini “Fries” and Zucchini “Balls”

Zucchini is a common ingredient in various Greek recipes. In the summer, it is common to deep-fry zucchini slices that may or may not be coated with flour. This crunchy side dish is known as “kolokythakia tiganita” and it is a common alternative to potato fries. Locals usually eat them dipped into a yoghurt-based Greek spread, such as tzatziki.

Another popular zucchini-based dish is “kolokythokeftedes” (zucchini balls or zucchini fritters). Crispy on the outside, creamy on the inside, kolokythokeftedes is a popular Greek main, side, or meze dish.

Where you’ll find them: Kolokythokeftedes and kolokythakia tiganita are served in most tavernas and Greek restaurants.

Greek Pies (Pitas)

You may have already heard about spanakopita – the traditional Greek spinach and feta cheese pie. But Greece is known for its great variety of pitas: sweet and savory pies with different fillings and types of dough.

Perhaps, the most popular type of dough is “filo” (also seen as phyllo). The word “filo” (φύλλο) means “leaf”. Pastries made with filo consist of multiple layers of dough that are as thin as a leaf. Other types of dough are: kourou and choriatiko.

When it comes to fillings, Greek pitas usually contain vegetables, such as spinach, zucchini, and leek. Adding white cheese, such as feta or manouri, is quite common. There is also “kotopita” and “kreatopita” – chicken and ground beef pies. In Northern Greece, people often eat “bougatsa”: a sweet custard pie with filo. Every place in Greece has its own type of pie with the Epirus region being the “pie capital of Greece”.

Where you ’ll find them: You will find such pies on every “fournos” (bakery) in Greece. A piece of savory pie is a popular breakfast snack in many parts of Greece. Some restaurants and tavernas also serve hand-made pies.

Fresh Fish from the Sea

Seafood is an important part of the Greek and Mediterranean diet. Eating fresh fish from the sea in one of Greece’s many fisherman villages, is a must.

It is common to eat large fish such as “lavraki” (European bass) and “tsipoura” (gilthead seabream), grilled with “avgolemono”: a sauce made with eggs and lemon. Smaller fish, such as “gavros” (anchovy), are usually fried.

Where you’ll find them: It is recommended to eat fish at a “psarotaverna” (fish tavern) or a fish restaurant in one of Greece’s countless fisherman villages and ports.

Souvlaki or Gyros me Pita

The most popular street food in Greece is souvlaki with pita bread. It is a type of sandwich consisting of meat, lettuce, fries, tzatziki, tomato, and onion – all wrapped in pita bread. You should try souvlaki at least once while traveling in Greece!

Keep in mind that this street food item has different names in northern and southern Greece. This might have to do with the type of meat that is added in the sandwich.

In Athens, it is common for the meat of the sandwich (usually pork or chicken) to be grilled horizontally on a skewer. Souvlaki means skewer in Greek – hence the name “souvlaki me pita”. Even if an Athenian asks for a souvlaki with a different type of meat, such as gyros or kebab, he or she will still ask for a… souvlaki. Souvlaki with gyros.

In Thessaloniki and other neighboring areas, people prefer adding gyros meat in their pita bread sandwich. Gyros are thin, flat slices of pork or chicken, stacked on a pit and seasoned. In the United States, lamb is a popular meat of choice, but this doesn’t apply to original Greek gyros. In Northern Greece, people don’t call this sandwich “souvlaki” but rather “gyros” or “pitogyro”.

Where you’ll find them: Souvlaki or gyros can be found in almost every neighborhood in Greece. You can order them from places called “souvlatzidika” or “gyradika”, depending on where you travel in Greece. It is a “casual” street food item and you wont find it in fancy Greek restaurants. Some restaurants do offer a “fancier” version of this dish. They call it “merida”. All the ingredients are served on a plate, rather than in a sandwich form.

Greek Salad (Choriatiki)

Although a salad, Choriatiki, known as “Greek Salad”, is a nutritious and delicious full meal. The salad doesn’t contain leafy greens but rather fresh vegetables such as tomatoes, cucumbers, and onions. Some Greeks add peppers and caper. Feta cheese or any other locally produced cheese, oregano, and extra virgin olive oil are a must.

Where you’ll find it: Most Greek tavernas and restaurants serve Choriatiki in its different variations.  

Have you tried any of these dishes before? Comment down below!

One Day in Athens? Here is What to Do | 24h in Athens, Greece

athens travel guide

Athens is the capital of the Hellenic Republic of Greece; a city that has been inhabited for over 5.000 years and which is known around the world as the birthplace of Democracy, Theatre, and Philosophy.

The city was named after goddess Athena, the Olympian deity of wisdom and strategy. Today, more than five million people visit the  city of Athens to explore its archaeological sites and contemporary urban neighborhoods, and then hop onto the next ferry to one of Greece’s countless breathtaking islands.

Unfortunately, many visitors don’t get the chance to spend many days in the Greek capital, before traveling to their next destination. If you are in the same situation, the last thing you want to do is spend the entire day in your hotel room. Here is what to do if you stay in Athens for just one day!

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7 Things to Do in 24h in Athens, Greece (Athens Must-See)

  1. Ascend the Acropolis of Athens.
  2. Visit one of the city’s countless museums (e.g. Benaki Museum, Acropolis Museum).
  3. Cycle next to the canal at SNFCC.
  4. Explore the Anafiotika traditional neighborhood (Athens’ Old Town).
  5. Try authentic Athenian street-food (souvlaki me pita and more).
  6. Have a cocktail at one of the countless Athenian rooftop bars.

What to Wear in Greece in the Summer | What to Pack for Greece

You have booked your tickets to visit Greece this summer and now it is time to pack your bags. But your country of residence might have a completely different climate than the one in Greece. Should you pack your winter jacket “just in case”? Do you need to wear tights under your dresses? Should you leave your leather boots at home?

How to Fully Plan Your Day in Athens, Greece

Early Morning: Ascend the Acropolis of Athens

Almost every European city has a citadel – a fortified center that serves as a refuge but also as a repository or even as a religious center. For the ancient city of Athens, that was the Acropolis – the city’s highest point. The Acropolis of Athens is known for the impressive ancient temples dedicated to the Olympian gods and goddesses.  

The most impressive of them all is the Parthenon – the Doric temple dedicated to Athena, patroness of Athens. The temple was completed in 432 BC, and it was designed by the well-known architects Iktinos and Callicrates. Monuments other than the Parthenon are the Erechtheon, the Propulaea, and the temple dedicated to Athena Nike, the Eleusinion, and many more sanctuaries and temples. From the top, you can also view the ancient theatre of Herodes Atticus, which is still in use.

Nowadays, at least a million people visit the Acropolis of Athens every year. Situated at the heart of Athens, you can ascend the hill by entering from one of its two entrances: one close to the Areopagus Hill and one next to the Church of Hagia Paraskevi, close to the Acropolis metro station. The ticket shop is located next to the first entrance.

It is advised to visit the Acropolis Hill early in the morning. You will avoid waiting in long ques and walking around the citadel under the hot Athenian sun. You can always prebook your tickets and download them at your smartphone.

Before Noon: Explore Anafiotika

After exiting the archaeological sight of Acropolis, you can start exploring Anafiotika, the most picturesque neighborhood of Athens. Anafiotika is located in Plaka, the “old town” surrounding the Acropolis hill. And it can be described as an “island that overlooks the city of Athens”. No cars, streets, or tall buildings in sight. Just cats and the smell of Jasmine trees.

The neighborhood was founded by islanders from Anafi who moved to Athens to construct the Palace of Otto of Greece, the king of Greece from 1832 to 1862. Indeed, Anafiotika has an atmosphere similar to the ones in the Greek islands. A small escape within the city.

While strolling around, you can always stop and have a Greek coffee or an ouzo with meze (Greek version of tapas) in one of the local cafes and tavernas. Anafiotika and Plaka will amaze you.

Lunchtime: Athens Street Food Tour

After walking around for so long, you will probably get super hungry. But don’t worry, Athens is known for its great variety of street food options. The most popular option is of course the “gyros” or “souvlaki me pita”, as it is known in Athens. You can choose between a wide variety of ingredients -pieces of grilled chicken/pork, tomatoes, onions, fries, and tzatziki being the most popular options- to be wrapped within a delicious pita bread.

Athens has countless “souvlatzidika”, places where you can order and eat this delicious type of sandwich. They are in every neighborhood, and almost on every street at the city center. If you are looking for something sweet, you can always try the Eastern Mediterranean version of a donut: loukoumades. Round deep-fried pastries soaked in honey and coated with cinnamon. Loukoumades were reportedly consumed by ancient Greeks, who called them “honey tokens”.

Today, Athens hosts several street food restaurants that serve delicacies from all around the world: from crab burgers to bao buns. For a more authentic experience, you can always visit a local bakery and try a piece (or two) of Greece’s traditional savory or sweet pies, the so-called “pitas”: spanakopita (spinach pie), tyropita (cheese pie), and kolokythopita (zucchini pie). And, finally, it wouldn’t be a Mediterranean trip without a scoop of gelato to wash things down!

Top 10 Coolest Neighborhoods in Athens (to Explore or Live in)

When non-Athenians visit Athens, they usually explore the three historical neighborhoods surrounding the Acropolis hill. But Athens is more than Plaka, Monastiraki, and Thiseio. Here are some of the lesser-known Athenian neighborhoods you should explore or consider living in.

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Early Afternoon: Visit an Indoor Museum

Athens can get quite hot at noon and early afternoon. After your Athens street food tour, it is time to explore at least one indoor Athenian Museum. You will get a taste of the Greek culture, while enjoying the cool air from the air conditioning units.

Athens has numerous Museums and Galleries, including the Acropolis Museum, the Goulandris Museum of Cycladic Art, the National Archaeological Museum of Athens, Benaki Museum, Ilias Lalaounis Jewelry Museum, Museum of Greek Folk Art, the National Art Gallery, and more.

Keep in mind that the National Archaeological Museum is the biggest Athenian Museum. Moreover, many of these Museums and Galleries are located in the suburbs. Since you will be staying in Athens for only one day, visiting a small or medium-sized Museum near the center, such as the Acropolis Museum, is the best option.

Late Afternoon: Visit the SNFCC

Founded by the philanthropic organization, Stavros Niarchos Foundation, the Stavros Niarchos Foundation Cultural Center (SNFCC) or simply “Niarchos”, as locals call it, is a public space, where everyone has free access and can participate in various activities and events.

The Cultural Center includes the Greek National Opera, the National Library of Greece, and the Stavros Niarchos Park. Countless free events, such as open-air movie nights, concerts, and athletic activities, regularly take place at SNFCC.

Niarchos is one of the few places in Athens where you can safely cycle. You can rent public bicycles and cycle around the canal. You can walk up the “Lighthouse” and get a panoramic view of the city. You can also explore its magnificent gardens, such as the Mediterranean Garden.

Evening: Cocktail Time

After a long day walking around the city, it is time to return to the city center (Syntagma or Monastiraki) for some drinks. Athens is known for its rooftop bars, such as “Couleur Locale” and “Anglais Athens”, where you can enjoy some drinks and order some finger-food, if you feel like it.

Depending on how much time you have in hand, you can have a bar tour of Athens. The Greek capital has also plenty of cocktail bars that are situated on the ground floor. During the summer, it is common to get a drink at the bar and chat with your friends on the street.

Last but not least, Athens has some of the best bars not only in Europe but… in the world. From cocktail to wine bars to… underground speak-easy bars. “The Clumsies” has been repeatedly been placed on the top 3 best bars in the world, according to the “50 BEST” annual rankings! Getting a drink before you leave is a must.

Are you planning on extending your stay? Here is a list with the coolest Athenian neighborhoods to explore!

All The Greek You Need Before Your Trip to Greece | 15 Super Basic Greek Words and Phrases

Although Modern Greeks speak English along with other foreign languages, it is essential to know some basic Greek words and phrases before visiting Greece. Here is a list of Greek words to learn before your trip to Greece. These include words such as “yes”, “no”, “thank you”, and greetings such as “good morning” and “goodnight”. Read the words and watch the video before you land in Greece!

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15 Super Basic Greek Words and Phrases (All the Greek You Need!)

  1. Ναι
  2. Όχι
  3. Ευχαριστώ
  4. Παρακαλώ
  5. Συγγνώμη
  6. Άλλος
  7. Με λένε
  8. Πού είναι;
  9. Δεξιά
  10. Αριστερά
  11. Με κάρτα
  12. Καλημέρα
  13. Γεια
  14. Καληνύχτα
  15. Αντίο

Listen to the Pronunciation and Meaning of Each Word

Greek Input #6: Greek Furniture and Décor Vocabulary Input | Comprehensible Input

greek furniture vocabulary

Tables, chairs, beds, rooms, and decorative items can be found in homes all around the world. But they have different names from language to language. How are the most popular furniture pieces and decorative items called in Greek? Today, Helinika presents to you a new input video, dedicated on Greek furniture and décor vocabulary!

One of the fastest ways to memorize vocabulary in Greek (or any other target language) is with comprehensible input. Comprehensible input is a popular and effective language learning method that enables you to learn a language by listening and observing. This method should be used along with traditional language learning methods. Absolute beginners might find it hard following the storyline. Rewatching the video and pausing is recommended.

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Greek Furniture and Décor Vocabulary Input

Η Ιωάννα μένει στην Θεσσαλονίκη και είναι διακοσμήτρια. Δηλαδή διακοσμεί σπίτια και διαμερίσματα. Επιλέγει έπιπλα και διακοσμητικά αντικείμενα. Έπιπλα όπως είναι το κρεβάτι, το τραπέζι, και η καρέκλα. Διακοσμητικά όπως είναι το βάζο, το κερί, και ο πίνακας ζωγραφικής.

Η Ιωάννα μένει σε μια πολυκατοικία με νεοκλασική πρόσοψη στο κέντρο της Θεσσαλονίκης. Το διαμέρισμά της είναι μικρό – μόλις 50 τετραγωνικά. Μία γκαρσονιέρα, όπως λένε. Οι γκαρσονιέρες είναι μικρά διαμερίσματα με μία κρεβατοκάμαρα. Οι γκαρσονιέρες δεν είναι στούντιο. Ένα στούντιο έχει το σαλόνι, την κουζίνα, την τραπεζαρία, και την κρεβατοκάμαρα σε ένα δωμάτιο. Μία γκαρσονιέρα έχει ξεχωριστή κρεβατοκάμαρα.   

Η κρεβατοκάμαρα είναι η κάμαρα στην οποία μπαίνει το κρεβάτι. Η κάμαρα λέγεται και δωμάτιο. Γι’ αυτό, η κρεβατοκάμαρα λέγεται και υπνοδωμάτιο. Το δωμάτιο του ύπνου. Δηλαδή, το δωμάτιο στο οποίο κοιμόμαστε. Η κρεβατοκάμαρα και το υπνοδωμάτιο είναι δύο συνώνυμες λέξεις.

Η κρεβατοκάμαρα της Ιωάννας έχει ένα διπλό κρεβάτι με ξύλινο κεφαλάρι. Πάνω στο στρώμα έχει βάλει δύο λευκά μαξιλάρια και ένα μπεζ πάπλωμα. Τα σεντόνια είναι λευκά.

Πάνω από το κρεβάτι είναι τοποθετημένος ένας πίνακας. Ένας πίνακας ζωγραφικής. Ο πίνακας είναι αφηρημένος. Δεν αναπαριστά κάτι συγκεκριμένο.

Δίπλα από το κρεβάτι, η Ιωάννα έχει τοποθετήσει δύο κομοδίνα. Ένα κομοδίνο αριστερά του κρεβατιού και ένα κομοδίνο δεξιά του κρεβατιού. Τα κομοδίνα είναι επίσης από ξύλο. Πάνω στα κομοδίνα, είναι τοποθετημένα δύο πορτατίφ – ή επιτραπέζια φωτιστικά, όπως ονομάζονται.

Το υπνοδωμάτιο έχει και μια μεγάλη ντουλάπα. Μια εντοιχισμένη ντουλάπα. Δηλαδή, η ντουλάπα είναι μέσα στον τοίχο. Τα φύλλα της ντουλάπας – δηλαδή οι πόρτες της ντουλάπας – είναι από καθρέφτη. Η Ιωάννα μπορεί να βλέπει τον εαυτό της στον καθρέφτη της ντουλάπας.

Το πάτωμα της κρεβατοκάμαρας είναι ξύλινο. Το πάτωμα είναι από ξύλο οξιάς. Το πάτωμα λέγεται και δάπεδο. Άρα το δωμάτιο της Ιωάννας έχει ξύλινο δάπεδο.

Τα υπόλοιπα δωμάτια έχουν διαφορετικά δάπεδα. Η κουζίνα έχει μαύρα πλακάκια. Το μπάνιο ή η τουαλέτα έχουν επίσης μαύρα πλακάκια. Το σαλόνι και η τραπεζαρία – δηλαδή η σαλονοτραπεζαρία – έχει μαρμάρινο πάτωμα. Πολλά σπίτια στην Ελλάδα έχουν μαρμάρινο πάτωμα.

Η κουζίνα της Ιωάννας είναι πολύ μικρή. Έχει τον φούρνο, το ψυγείο, και τις κεραμικές εστίες  – δηλαδή τα «μάτια» της κουζίνας. Έχει και έναν μικρό ξύλινο πάγκο όπου ετοιμάζει το φαγητό της. Πάνω στον ξύλινο πάγκο έχει και δύο γλάστρες με μυρωδικά. Μία γλάστρα με βασιλικό, μία γλάστρα με δυόσμο. Στην κουζίνα θα βρει κανείς και τον νιπτήρα όπου η Ιωάννα πλένει τα βρώμικα πιάτα. Δηλαδή κάνει την λάντζα, όπως λέμε.

Η τουαλέτα είναι το δωμάτιο όπου βρίσκει κανείς την λεκάνη, τον νιπτήρα, και την ντουζιέρα ή την μπανιέρα. Η τουαλέτα λέγεται και μπάνιο ή λουτρό. Η τουαλέτα της Ιωάννας έχει λευκά πλακάκια στους τοίχους και μαύρα πλακάκια στο δάπεδο. Η Ιωάννα έχει ντουζιέρα και όχι μπανιέρα.

Το τελευταίο δωμάτιο της γκαρσονιέρας είναι η σαλονοτραπεζαρία. Ένα δωμάτιο που είναι και σαλόνι και τραπεζαρία. Στο δωμάτιο βρίσκει κανείς έναν δερμάτινο καναπέ χρώματος καφέ και ένα γυάλινο τραπεζάκι. Πάνω στο τραπεζάκι, έχει τοποθετήσει ένα βάζο με λουλούδια και ένα βιβλίο με φωτογραφίες.

Δίπλα στον καναπέ βρίσκεται μια γλάστρα με ένα φυτό εσωτερικού χώρου. Πρόκειται για έναν φίκο. Παραδίπλα βρίσκεται μια ξύλινη βιβλιοθήκη. Η Ιωάννα έχει τοποθετήσει πολλά βιβλία πάνω στα ράφια της. Την έχει στολίσει με αρωματικά κεριά και κορνίζες με φωτογραφίες. Δίπλα στην βιβλιοθήκη βρίσκεται μια αναπαυτική πολυθρόνα με διακοσμητικά μαξιλάρια.

Στο δωμάτιο βρίσκεται και ένα μεγάλο ξύλινο τραπέζι με έξι δερμάτινες καρέκλες. Το τραπέζι καλύπτεται από ένα λινό τραπεζομάντηλο. Στο κέντρο του τραπεζιού βρίσκεται ένα γυάλινο βάζο με λουλούδια.

Πίσω από το τραπέζι βρίσκεται η εξώπορτα – η κεντρική πόρτα του διαμερίσματος. Αυτό λοιπόν ήταν το σπίτι της Ιωάννας. Εσάς ποιο είναι το αγαπημένο σας έπιπλο;

Feel free to watch this video as many times as you deem necessary. The more you watch, the more words and phrases you will catch and memorize. Before you go, make sure to check the description for your Udemy discount to learn Greek. You will also find a link to this video’s script, along with other helpful links. If you enjoyed watching this video, don’t forget to like and share with a friend who is also learning Greek. Till next time!

Greek Nouns Exercises (A1/A2): Cases, Articles, Plural/Singular Forms

A list of free vocabulary and grammar exercises for practicing the use, meaning, and declension of Greek nouns in all cases and forms.

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Greek Language Learning Exercises: Nouns

Άσκηση 1: Βάλτε το οριστικό άρθρο στο σωστό γένος δίπλα από κάθε ουσιαστικό. Στην συνέχεια, συμπληρώστε το ουσιαστικό με το άρθρο του στον πληθυντικό αριθμό. | Exercise 1: Add the definite article in the correct gender next to each noun. Then, write down the noun with its article in the plural form.

Ενικός Αριθμός           Πληθυντικός Αριθμός

ο  άνδρας                     οι  άνδρες

… γυναίκα                   …………..

… παιδί                        .………….

… γάτα                         .………….

… λουλούδι                  …………..

… σπίτι                         …………..

… σκύλος                     …………..

… φόρεμα                    …………..

… πατέρας                   …………..

Άσκηση 2: Τι δείχνουν οι εικόνες; Βάλτε το ουσιαστικό δίπλα από την σωστή εικόνα. | Exercise 2: What are the images showing? Add the noun next to the right image.

η μπάλα, το κουτί, ο λύκος, το μωρό, η γιαγιά, το τριαντάφυλλο, ο γεωργός, η γιατρός.

Άσκηση 3: Συμπληρώστε τα ουσιαστικά στην σωστή πτώση. | Exercise 3: Fill-in the nouns in the correct case.

Πρόταση                                                                 Πτώση

Ο Νίκος παίζει με τον σκύλο (ο σκύλος).              Αιτιατική

Η μαμά πήρε τα κλειδιά …….….. (ο μπαμπάς).   ………….

Είδες την κόρη ………… (η Μαρία);                      …………..

-Ε, ………… (ο Γιώργος)!                                      …………..

Η γιαγιά ταΐζει ………….. (η γάτα).                         …………..  

ΑΠΑΝΤΗΣΕΙΣ | ANSWERS

Άσκηση 1: Βάλτε το οριστικό άρθρο στο σωστό γένος δίπλα από κάθε ουσιαστικό. Στην συνέχεια, συμπληρώστε το ουσιαστικό με το άρθρο του στον πληθυντικό αριθμό. | Exercise 1: Add the definite article in the correct gender next to each noun. Then, write down the noun with its article in the plural form.

Ενικός Αριθμός           Πληθυντικός Αριθμός

ο  άνδρας                   οι  άνδρες

η γυναίκα                   οι γυναίκες

το παιδί                      τα παιδιά

η γάτα                         οι γάτες

το λουλούδι                 τα λουλούδια

το σπίτι                        τα σπίτια

ο σκύλος                     οι σκύλοι

το φόρεμα                   τα φορέματα

ο πατέρας                   οι πατέρες/ οι πατεράδες

Άσκηση 2: Τι δείχνουν οι εικόνες; Βάλτε το ουσιαστικό δίπλα από την σωστή εικόνα. | Exercise 2: What are the images showing? Add the noun next to the right image.

η μπάλα, το κουτί, ο λύκος, το μωρό, η γιαγιά, το τριαντάφυλλο, ο γεωργός, η γιατρός.

Άσκηση 3: Συμπληρώστε τα ουσιαστικά στην σωστή πτώση. | Exercise 3: Fill-in the nouns in the correct case.

Πρόταση                                                                 Πτώση

Ο Νίκος παίζει με τον σκύλο (ο σκύλος).               Αιτιατική

Η μαμά πήρε τα κλειδιά του μπαμπά (ο μπαμπάς). Γενική

Είδες την κόρη της Μαρίας (η Μαρία);                     Γενική

-Ε, Γιώργο (ο Γιώργος)!                                             Κλητική

Η γιαγιά ταΐζει την γάτα (η γάτα).                              Αιτιατική  

What to Wear in Greece in the Summer | What to Pack for Greece

You have booked your tickets to visit Greece this summer and now it is time to pack your bags. But your country of residence might have a completely different climate than the one in Greece. Should you pack your winter jacket “just in case”? Do you need to wear tights under your dresses? Should you leave your leather boots at home?

This article will not give you advice on trends. It provides you with general information on preferred materials, forms, and colors for a hot and dry summer. There is also a list of essential items for your Greek vacation, along with some tips on how to blend in with the locals.

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What is the Climate of Greece?

To begin with, it is important to remember that Greek summer is generally hot and dry. On average, expect temperatures that rise up to 31 degrees Celsius during the day. But packing a thin jacket (e.g. a jean jacket or a shawl) is recommended, since nights can get a bit chilly.

In Northern and Western Greece (e.g. Ioannina), the climate is usually more humid and cool than in other parts of Greece. Some of the most popular Greek destinations, such as Santorini and Mykonos, are sunny, windy, and warm. Vegetation is sparse, so be prepared for prolonged sun exposure.

With the exception of Athens, Greek summer is bearable, as long as you pack the following essential items. The Athenian summer is usually the hottest, with temperatures often rising over 40 degrees Celsius. It is therefore recommended to schedule all your outdoor sightseeing activities early in the morning and spend the afternoon in indoor museums (e.g. Benaki Museum, Acropolis Museum).

The Essentials for Your Greek Vacation

  1. Sunscreen with High SPF. Greece is one of the sunniest countries in the world. Apply sunscreen to your face and exposed skin before leaving the house in the morning to protect it from damaging UV rays.
  2. Hats. A straw hat or a breathable jockey hat that protects your head and face is essential when sightseeing during the day. Hats don’t only protect your skin, but they also help you maintain a low temperature.
  3. Sunglasses. UV rays can be harmful to your eyes. Not only that but sunny weather can make your eyes feel tired and appear red. Sunglasses are an essential accessory for Greece. Make sure to get your pair from an optic shop rather than from a retail shop. Sunglasses should not only come with tinted lenses but also with UV protection. Tinted lenses with no UV protection can cause more harm than good! Moreover, although small sunglasses are trendy right now, you should opt for glasses that cover the skin under your eyes when sightseeing or sunbathing.
  4. Reusable Water Bottle. Avoid leaving the house without water and make sure that you stay hydrated. In some islands and villages tap water is not drinkable; purchasing bottled water is recommended.
  5. Swimsuits. Greece is known for its countless breathtaking beaches and swimming spots. Even if you are not an avid swimmer, you will get the urge to take a quick dive into the waters. If you don’t own a quick-dry swimsuit, always pack a second one to change into while you’re drying.
  6. Beach Towel. Assuming that you will be spending time by the sea, a beach towel is essential. If you will be visiting unorganized beaches, you need a second one to lay onto. You don’t want to dry yourself with a towel full of sand.
  7. Moisturizing / After-Sun Cream. Dry and hot climates can dehydrate your skin. Moreover, prolonged exposure to the sun can lead to sunburns and skin blisters. A moisturizing cream (usually based on aloe-vera) is an essential item.
  8. Mosquito Repellent and Fenistil Gel. It is recommended to spray your legs and arms with a mosquito repellent before sunset to avoid mosquito bites. Mosquitos are usually active at dawn and dusk. A gel or topical cream for skin irritations and insect bites (e.g. Fenistil) might come in handy. You can always purchase these items from any pharmacy in Greece.
  9. Face Masks (2021 only). Face masks are required in public spaces according to the 2021 COVID-19 restrictions. This rule might be lifted once the vaccination plan is completed.

Clothing Items to Pack for Greece

  1. Lightweight, Breathable Fabrics. Linen blouses and pants, cotton shorts, loose dresses and skirts are the clothing items you should aim for. Avoid tight jeans and materials such as wool, polyester, fleece, nylon, vinyl, and leather. Moreover, you might think that exposing more skin equals feeling breezy. This might be the right strategy when visiting humid and warm locations. But, when visiting sunny and dry destinations, such as Santorini, flowy, light-colored, and breathable clothes that cover your body will better protect you from the heat.
  2. Light Colors. Although you can easily wear a total black outfit once the sun is down, it is recommended to wear light colors, such as white, beige, and pastels, during the day. You want to reflect the sunlight, rather than absorb it.
  3. Shawls, Kimonos, and Light Jackets. You don’t need a winter jacket when visiting Greece in the summer. But, with the exception of big cities, such as Athens, temperature tends to lower during the night. You may need to wrap yourself with a shawl while drinking your midnight cocktails by the sea. If you are planning on visiting Central and Northern Greece, such as Chalkidiki and Pelion, a light jacket (e.g. a jean jacket) might be needed.  
  4. Comfortable and Breathable Shoes. Two to three pairs of shoes are usually enough for your trip to Greece. Leather sandals for strolling in the city or island town. Canvas casual shoes for those who don’t want to expose their toes. Flip-flops or waterproof slippers for the beach (avoid wearing leather shoes in the hot sand). Breathable sneakers for hiking and outdoor sightseeing tours.
  5. Straw / Raffia Bags, Canva/ Cotton Tote Bags. Straw and raffia bags are the most popular bag of choice in Greece during the summer. Canva tote bags are a much cheaper alternative. Although leather bags are still a popular choice, sunlight and heat can damage the leather material. Additionally, leather items – especially black leather items- tend to absorb heat. As a result, your personal items will start overheating and your skin might get irritated. You may want to avoid carrying your favorite black leather handbag during your daytime sightseeing activities.

Unnecessary Items for Your Summer in Greece

  1. No need to pack your high-heeled pumps. Most Greek villages are built amphitheatrically. You will most likely need to walk on cobblestone streets, rather than asphalt. Therefore, balancing on stiletto heels won’t be an easy task. Thick-heeled sandals and platform shoes are a better alternative. Wearing heeled shoes is much easier in cities. But keep in mind that the overall atmosphere in Greece during the summer is very relaxed and laid-back. High heels are not a staple item.
  2. Avoid packing clothes made of vinyl or leather. Walking around Athens or Santorini wearing a black leather jacket, or a pair of vinyl skinny pants sounds like a nightmare. Not only do these items of clothing contrast with the relaxed summer atmosphere, but you also risk getting a heatstroke. The same applies to leather bags – especially black leather bags. Leather can be damaged under prolonged sun exposure. Leather boots are also not weather appropriate for your summer vacation in Greece.
  3. Tights are not essential. Tights don’t get a weather/fashion pass for summer. Most Greek women either expose their bare legs or wear long skirts/ pants to cover them. Tights (in any color) are considered a fall/winter accessory.

Are There Clothing Laws in Greece? Is There a Greek Dress Code?

Greece does not have laws that prohibit people from wearing specific items of clothing. People are free to wear whatever they want, as long as they don’t walk around in their birthday suits. Women are also allowed to sunbathe topless (unless stated otherwise) and there are many nudist beaches across the country. But there are a few written and unwritten rules you may want to know.

It is generally prohibited to wear high heels or shoes with spiky soles when visiting ancient theatres and sights, where the floor is made of marble or mosaic. Wear flat shoes and avoid damaging the floor or… your ankles.

Moreover, Greece has many picturesque monasteries and churches that you can visit. Women are usually requested to wear long skirts and cover their chest and shoulders before entering a monastery. If you don’t own a long skirt, don’t worry; most monasteries will lend you a skirt for free. Men should also make sure that they do not enter a monastery shirtless or in shorts.

There are no specific clothing rules when visiting churches. However, you want to avoid entering religious sights in your beach attire. If you come across a liturgy, it is recommended to look presentable (e.g. don’t enter in your beach attire). The priest, however, might welcome you in regardless of your clothes.

It is common to enter businesses and shops in swimsuits, as long as they are located in close proximity to the beach. Dining in seaside seafood tavernas wearing your beach attire is also common. But you may want to visit your hotel room to shower and change clothes before visiting the city center or island town. This is more of an unwritten rule, rather than a requirement. Being denied entrance to a restaurant for your choice of clothing is very rare occasion in Greece. But, taking the collectivistic elements of the Greek culture into consideration, you might get a few stares.

To sum things up, there are no laws dictating what people can or cannot wear in Greece. Public nudity is prohibited with the exception of nudist beaches and other designated areas. Topless sunbathing is generally allowed. There are, however, written and unwritten rules when it comes to visiting museums, archaeological sites, monasteries, churches, and private businesses.

What Is the Greek Fashion Sense?

Modern Greeks usually dress casually in the summer. However, the concept of what “casual” means is different from country to country. Comfort is important but so is attractiveness. You will rarely see locals wearing sandals with socks, crocks, or oversized t-shirts with logos. But you will see less people going to work in ties and blazers or walking in high-heels.

Modern Greeks prefer loose-fitting and less structured clothes in the summer. But they might add belts and other accessories to create an attractive silhouette. Shapeless items of clothing and anatomic shoes are often considered “unattractive” and are less popular among younger generations.

Plain cotton t-shirts or loose-fitting linen shirts and short trousers are the most popular items of clothing for men. Women usually wear flowy maxi/midi/mini dresses, skirts, and shorts paired with tops, t-shirts, or blouses. Long linen pants are also a popular clothing item. Women like wearing makeup but it is usually minimal compared to other parts of the world (e.g. USA). There is a focus on creating a healthy-looking complexion, rather than changing facial features.

When it comes to footwear, men often wear canvas sneakers or moccasins, whereas women prefer flat leather sandals or slip-ons. Flip-flops are usually worn at the beach or for grabbing something fast at the local kiosk or mini market.

It goes without saying that each person has their own personal sense of style, and you will see many locals dressed in their own unique way. If you would rather blend in with the locals, adding some of the above-mentioned pieces to your suitcase will do the trick!

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