Don’t Translate These English Idioms into Greek | Bilingual Vlog #3 [ENG/GR]

Every language has its own phrases and idioms that have a different or no meaning when translated into another language. That’s why translating novels and poems is no walk in the park. Here are a few English phrases and idioms that you should avoid translating into Greek (+ what you can say instead). The bilingual vlog also includes English idioms that do make sense when translated into Greek.

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Three (3) Free Printable Greek Alphabet Charts | Greek Alphabet Posters

greek alphabet posters

Helinika has created three printable posters with the Greek alphabet. Students can download the materials for free and use them to decorate their offices/classrooms!

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The above charts cannot be sold or distributed for profit. Claiming them as your own and cutting off Helinika’s logo is not permitted. These actions are punishable by law.

Mysterious Places in Athens, Greece | Mysterious Greece

The city of Athens has a history spanning over three thousand years. As you can imagine, the capital of the Hellenic Republic of Greece is the birthplace of countless important figures, revolutionary ideas, legendary stories, and mysteries. Here are some of the most mysterious places in Athens, Greece.

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Mysterious Places in Athens

  • Ardittos Hill
  • Mount Pentelicus
  • Davelis’ Cave
  • The Dragon Gate
  • The Acropolis Hill

Ardittos Hill | Mysterious Greece

Ardittos Hill is located at the heart of Athens, surrounding the Kallimarmaro; the historical Panathenaic Stadium which was built in 330 BC and reconstructed in 144 AD. Adrittos Hill was the area where ancient Athenian judges would take their oath.

The green hill has attracted many curious researchers of the unexplained over the years. It has been observed that the area is oddly quiet. Visitors often report that birds avoid entering the wooded area, which is unusual. Cats, on the other hand, seem to be attracted to this area.

Others say that they feel a strange energy surrounding the hill. Moreover, there are reports of peculiar findings in the area, such as candles, ropes, and remains of ritualistic activities. But why is that?

Ardittos Hill has been considered a sacred place since ancient antiquity. The area houses the temple of Artemis Agrotera, an important Athenian landmark, and the temple place of Fortune Goddess Tyche. But most importantly, it was the location where the Micra or Lesser Eleusinian Mysteries were taking place. These mysteries were a set of secret rituals organized by a cult dedicated to goddesses Demeter and Persephone. If you are interested in learning more about these mysteries, don’t forget to check Helinika’s dedicated video.

It is worth mentioning that a street named Odos Agras, right next to Ardittos Hill, is also the center of various urban legends. The street is known for the house of the Nobel laureate and poet, Giorgos Seferis. But, according to an urban legend, someone who walks on this street might end up walking back in time. Just like the main character in the Woody Allen movie “Midnight in Paris”. Imagine exploring Athens only to come across one of Greece’s most important poets!

Moreover, although Athens has indeed a large amount of stray cats, the street has a… disproportionate amount of felines roaming around. On the street you can also find the so-called “House with the Cats”, which is reportedly always guarded by two cats that stand next to its front door. Witnesses have said that the cats stay so still that they look like statues. Not only that, but the house, which is not clear whether it is inhabited or not, has a sign with the following verse:

I will not reign, to serve I detest, the cat I remain.”

Mount Pentelicus | Mysterious Greece

Mount Pentelicus or Penteli is one of the mountains of Athens. It is known for its marble, the Pentelicon marble that was used to construct the Acropolis of Athens. The mountain is one of the most mysterious places in Greece since antiquity.

According to some reports, there is a spot on Penteli where drivers experience a weird phenomenon. A street that seems to be going slightly uphill manages to defy gravity. When cars stop there, they start moving on their own. They move upwards – as if gravity is reversed.

Some observers suggest that there is an optical illusion, and that the road actually goes downhill. Others say that there are strong magnetic fields in the area that pull the cars in a seemingly unnatural way.

Mount Pentelicus is also associated with countless urban legends and myths. There are reports of mysterious hitchhikers who disappear in people’s cars. In the past, people have reported UFO sightings while visiting the area.

In the 1990s, Penteli became a feared place after it started attracting groups of devil worshippers. One of this groups, consisting of two young men and a teenage girl, committed a series of sacrificial murders of young women in the area of Pallini, a municipality at the foothills of Mount Pentelicus.

The mountain also has its own “haunted” estate. That is the tower of the Duchess of Plaisance, Sophie de Marbois-Lebrun. The French noblewoman and philhellene, moved to Athens in 1834 and spent the rest of her life in the newly founded Hellenic Republic.

The Duchess reportedly lost her mind after the premature death of her beloved daughter, Eliza. Rumor has it that she turned to spiritualism and later to witchcraft. She wanted to communicate with Eliza and she invited mediums and necromancers to her tower. As a result, the estate is rumored to be “haunted” with countless spirits, including the spirit of Eliza.

But the most mysterious place of Penteli is without the doubt its notorious cave: Davelis’ or Pan’s Cave…

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Daveli’s Cave | Mysterious Greece

Although Daveli’s Cave is located on the southwestern side of Mount Pentelicus, it deserves to be examined separately. That is because it sparked people’s curiosity since antiquity.

To begin with, ancient Athenians believed that the chthonic god Pan who resided under the surface of the Earth, was able to visit Athens by exiting this Cave on Mount Pentelicus. Nymphs were also considered to reside next to the cave. After the battle of Marathon, when Pan allegedly helped the Athenians win by causing panic to the Persians, Athenians would enter the Cave to worship Pan.

Over the years, when Greeks left their pagan past behind, chthonic deities were considered demonic. They resided under the surface of the Earth – where hell is located. Byzantine and Ottoman Greeks feared the cave. Farmers and shepherds that passed by Pan’s cave would often run back to their villages in terror, reporting sightings of terrifying monsters that exited the cave. As a result, a small church was built right at the entrance of the cave dedicated to Saint Spyridon and to Saint Nicholas.

The cave is mostly known today as Davelis’ cave, instead of Pan’s cave. That is because the infamous 19th century brigand Christos Natsios or Davelis, used the cave as a hideout. According to some rumors of that time, Davelis had a secret love affair with the previously mentioned Duchess of Plaissance!

Due to its pagan history, new age occultists started visiting the cave to perform rituals. The devil worshippers of Pallini were allegedly frequent visitors of the cave as well. But today, the majority of its visitors are climbers, hikers, and nature lovers.

In the past, cave explorers and hikers have reportedly managed to fully explore its vast tunnel system, which, according to some, could lead someone to the center of Athens. This is no longer possible; the tunnels have been closed down for unspecified reasons.

What makes the history of the cave even more interesting is the fact that it sparked the interest of the government of the United States. During the Cold War, NATO and the US military reportedly explored the cave with the help of the Greek military.

Rumor had it that they wanted to use it for a secret military base, since its tunnels could lead to the sea and therefore would be the perfect location to keep some of their submarines. Others suggested that they wanted to produce or store secret nuclear weapons for a short time period.

Many explorers confirm this scenario, since electronic devices often stop working when entering the cave. Not only that but concrete was used to seal some of the tunnels, as if the military wanted to protect the public from dangerous substances… if not from the monsters that terrified medieval Greeks.

It is worth mentioning that the secret military works at Penteli were reported at the local press at that time. Today, many people have come up with some additional scenarios – some realistic, some less realistic- about what happened at Daveli’s cave in the ‘70s. For example, they suggest that the cave can serve as a portal to other dimensions, hence the appearance of strange beings over the years. A German tv-series called “Dark” has a storyline that bears many similarities to this scenario.

The Dragon Gate | Mysterious Greece

If you have ever read any of the Harry Potter books, then you might remember of the Diagon Alley but also some magical buildings and train platforms that muggles -non wizards- would simply ignore. A strange building like this exists at the heart of Athens.

This is no other than the narrow and tall building at the street Akadimias 58a. The odd structure has an architecture with many gothic references, which is rare to see in Athens. At the same time, despite its appearance, most people ignore it completely while passing by. It looks odd but stays unnoticed at the same time. A surprising fact is that there used to be an iron dragon on top of the main gate for many years, which was removed mysteriously overnight. Nobody really knows who removed the dragon and why.

There are many official and unofficial reports regarding the so-called “house with the dragon gate”. According to some older rumors, the building was used by secret societies, perhaps by the “Free Masons”, for their mysterious meetings.

People who lived in neighboring buildings often said that they would see people dressed in peculiar clothes enter the building. Thanks to its gothic elements and the scary dragon on top of the gate, many people believed that dark rituals were performed there. It didn’t help when some explorers managed to enter the building in the late 20th century, only to find an altar, a small church and religious icons stuffed in there.

It has been recently revealed  that it served as an additional entrance (in GR)  to the house of the German-born Green-national architect Ernst Ziller. Ziller is the mastermind behind some of the most beautiful and unique houses and mansions of Athens.

His estate located on street Mavromichali 6, is somehow connected to the “house with the dragon gate”. Rumor had it that it was later purchased by the very prominent family of bankers, the Loverdos, to store a secret private collection of ancient and medieval relics.

A few months ago, the Greek newspaper Kathimerini reported that the building has been turned into a Museum with the consent of the Loverdos family. The visitors will be able to see the private collection of relics that is now maintained and stored there, along with the building’s very unique interior.  

It is worth mentioning that the fact that the building belonged indeed to Ziller (a prominent architect) and later to Loverdos (a prominent banker), doesn’t mean that it was never used for secret meetings of mysterious people in the past…

The Acropolis of Athens | Mysterious Greece

The Acropolis of Athens is very different from the rest of the previously mentioned areas, since it evokes positive rather negative feelings and emotions. In many ways, it could be described as the opposite of the Hill of Ardittos. It represents light, wisdom, and excellence. A place that fills you in with positive energy. At the same time, it is one of the most mysterious places of Athens, of Greece, and of the world.

The ancient citadel consists of many ancient Greek temples from the 5th Century BC that were dedicated to the Olympian gods. The most prominent of them all is no other than the Parthenon, the temple dedicated to Athena, protector of the great city.

Over one million people from around the world visit the Acropolis of Athens every year. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and the greatest symbol of democracy, since it was the great leader Pericles who was behind the great works on the site. Visiting the Acropolis of Athens is not just a cultural trip but perhaps… a trip in time.

Do you have any other mysterious places to add to this list? Feel free to comment down below!

Greek Input #3: Greek Food Vocabulary Input | Comprehensible Input

greek food input

Learn Greek food-related words with comprehensible input. The language input learning method enables listeners to comprehend audio in a foreign language, without necessarily possessing a rich vocabulary in this language. This is achieved by repetition and adding relevant images on the screen. This is the way toddlers start memorizing words. Input videos should be watched in combination with other Greek language learning videos.

Comprehensible Greek Language Input: Food Vocabulary in Greek

Το φαγητό έχει κεντρικό ρόλο στην ελληνική κουλτούρα. Το φαγητό είναι μια λέξη με γενική αλλά και συγκεκριμένη σημασία. Για παράδειγμα: «μου αρέσει το φαγητό» – εδώ έχει γενική σημασία. «Ποιο είναι το αγαπημένο σου φαγητό;» – εδώ έχει συγκεκριμένη σημασία.

Μια άλλη λέξη με γενική σημασία είναι και η τροφή. Τροφή για σκέψη. Δυσκολία πρόσληψης τροφής.

Δύο λέξεις με συγκεκριμένη σημασία είναι το πιάτο και το τρόφιμο.

Τα τρόφιμα είναι προϊόντα. Τα προϊόντα που καταναλώνουμε για να τραφούμε. Τα γαλακτοκομικά, όπως το γάλα, το γιαούρτι και το τυρί, είναι τρόφιμα.

Το πιάτο είναι το αντικείμενο που τοποθετούμε το φαγητό μας. Είναι όμως και το αποτέλεσμα μιας σύνθεσης τροφίμων. Για πρώτο πιάτο έχουμε τη σούπα λαχανικών.

Ας δούμε μερικά τρόφιμα και μερικά πιάτα.

Τα τρόφιμα μπορεί να είναι φυτικής προέλευσης ή ζωικής προέλευσης.

Τα φρούτα και τα λαχανικά είναι φυτικής προέλευσης.

Φρούτα είναι το πορτοκάλι, το μανταρίνι, το μήλο, η μπανάνα, ο ανανάς, το αχλάδι, το βερίκοκο, το κεράσι, το σύκο, το καρπούζι, το πεπόνι, το σταφύλι, η φράουλα και τα μούρα.

Λαχανικά είναι η μελιτζάνα, το κολοκύθι, το κουνουπίδι, το μπρόκολο, το καρότο, η πιπεριά, το πράσο, η μπάμια, το σπαράγγι, το σπανάκι, και το κρεμμύδι.

Η τομάτα είναι ένας καρπός που θεωρείται άλλες φορές φρούτο και άλλες φορές λαχανικό.

Φυτικής προέλευσης είναι και τα δημητριακά. Το ψωμί και άλλα τρόφιμα παράγονται από τα δημητριακά. Δημητριακά είναι τα σιτηρά, όπως το στάρι, το κριθάρι, η βρώμη, το ρύζι, και το καλαμπόκι, τα οσπριοειδή, όπως τα ρεβίθια, ο αρακάς, η φάβα, και οι φακές, και τα ελαιώδη δημητριακά, όπως οι ηλιόσποροι και οι λιναρόσποροι.

Τρόφιμα ζωικής προέλευσης είναι το ψάρι, το κρέας, τα αλλαντικά, τα θαλασσινά, και τα γαλακτοκομικά προϊόντα.

Ψάρι είναι ο ροφός, ο σολομός, ο γαύρος, η συναγρίδα, ο τόνος. Κρέας είναι το κοτόπουλο, το μοσχάρι, το χοιρινό. Το κοτόπουλο είναι λευκό κρέας.

Αλλαντικά είναι το ζαμπόν, οι φέτες γαλοπούλας, το σαλάμι.

Γαλακτοκομικά προϊόντα είναι το γάλα, το γιαούρτι, το βούτυρο, και τα τυριά, όπως η φέτα και η γραβιέρα.

Ας δούμε και μερικά πιάτα. Φαγητά δηλαδή. Τα πιάτα αποτελούν μια σύνθεση τροφίμων, ακολουθώντας μια συνταγή. Όταν αναζητούμε πώς να φτιάξουμε ένα φαγητό, αναζητούμε συνταγές. Συνταγές μαγειρικής.

Δημοφιλή πιάτα στην Ελλάδα είναι όλα τα λαδερά – τα φασολάκια, ο αρακάς ο κοκκινιστός, το μπριάμ, το κοτόπουλο με μπάμιες, οι πατάτες γιαχνί, τα παπουτσάκια, το σπανακόρυζο και πολλές ακόμα συνταγές.

Αγαπάμε και τα ζυμαρικά. Τα μακαρόνια και το ρύζι. Φτιάχνουμε μακαρόνια με κιμά, κριθαράκι κοκκινιστό, και πολλά άλλα πιάτα.

Στις ταβέρνες είναι σύνηθες να τρώμε φαγητά «της ώρας» – που ψήνονται εκείνη την στιγμή – όπως μπριζόλες, σουβλάκια, και ψάρια στη σχάρα.

Στα ουζερί και τα τσιπουράδικα σερβίρουν μεζέδες. Μικρά πιάτα με τζατζίκι, γίγαντες, χταπόδι, μύδια, στρείδια, ντολμαδάκια και άλλα πολλά εδέσματα.

Το κοτόπουλο με πατάτες στο φούρνο και τα κεφτεδάκια είναι δημοφιλή πιάτα. Τα παιδιά τα λατρεύουν. Τα κεφτεδάκια πολλές φορές γίνονται κοκκινιστά. Όπως και τα σουτζουκάκια.

Στην Ελλάδα αγαπάμε και τις πίτες. Την σπανακόπιτα, την τυρόπιτα, την ζαμπονοτυρόπιτα, την μπουγάτσα, την πρασόπιτα, την κολοκυθόπιτα …

Τρώμε και πολλές θρεπτικές σαλάτες, όπως είναι η χωριάτικη σαλάτα. Η χωριάτικη περιέχει πολλά λαχανικά, όπως αγγούρι, ντομάτα, κρεμμύδι, και ελιές – αλλά και τυρί φέτα.

Εσάς ποια είναι τα αγαπημένα σας φαγητά; Γράψτε κάτω στα σχόλια!

Feel free to watch this video as many times you want. For more videos like this, subscribe and explore Helinika’s channel and Helinika.com. Till next time!

The Most Underrated Greek Destinations | 7 Unique Places to Visit in Greece

underrated greek destinations

There are plenty of hidden gems to discover in Greece. We have previously seen Greek destinations that foreign visitors might ignore, but locals visit frequently. These include Halkidiki and Mount Pelion. But there are some incredible places in the country that even Greeks often snub, unless they live in close proximity to them.

Some of these places are the birthplaces of important Modern Greek figures. They have landscapes and architectural styles that you may not associate with Greece. Let’s explore together some of the most underrated Greek destinations.

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Seven Underrated Greek Destinations

  1. Missolonghi
  2. Syros Island
  3. Salamis Island
  4. Arcadia Region
  5. Kithira & Antikithira
  6. Kavala
  7. Xanthi

Xanthi | Unique Places in Greece

Xanthi is a unique city in the region of Thrace in northeastern Greece. Since it is not located right by the sea and due to it’s a bit colder climate, many Greeks and foreign visitors rarely travel to Xanthi. The exception is, of course, the well-known annual carnival festival.

But Xanthi, especially its old town, has a very unique and beautiful architecture that it is hard to find in Greece. Its local bazaar attracts many visitors every Saturday. And let’s not forget that the city was the birthplace of one of the greatest Greek and European composers: Manos Hatzidakis. His beautiful home is now a Museum that everyone should visit when in Xanthi.  

Kavala | Underrated Destinations in Greece

Kavala is another city in northern Greece. This time, situated by the sea in eastern Macedonia. Due to the fact that it is located far from Athens, it is not such a popular destination as other places in Greece.

But the city is not only beautiful, but it also has many monuments that showcase Greece’s long history. It was founded in the 7th century BC and it was an important fort city of the Byzantine Empire. As a result, it has countless monuments that are worth a visit. Not only that but Xanthi is also connected to the Roman Via Egnatia hiking trail.

Kithira and Antikithira | Lessen-Known Greek Destinations

Another beautiful Greek location that is not easy to reach from Greece’s big cities, is Kithira (or Kythera). Kithira is an island located in the south-eastern tip of the Peloponnese peninsula. It is associated with another, much smaller island named Antikithira (or Antikythera).

The islands have a long history, beautiful landscapes and beaches, and a unique architecture with a Venetian influence. When it comes to Antikithira, you may have heard of the famous Antikythera Mechanism; the oldest example of an analogue computer that was used to predict astronomical positions, among other things. The mechanism was discovered at a shipwreck off the coast of the remote island of Antikithira.

Arcadia Region | Underrated Places in Greece

Arcadia is a region in the Peloponnese. The region has a long history and it has been featured in many mythological stories – including the story of Arcas and the god Pan. Since it is not connected to the sea, it is not a popular destination for people who visit Greece.

But Arcadia is an area you should definitely visit once in your life. To begin with, the area has been traditionally inhabited by one of the oldest Greek tribes: the Arcadians. The Mountains of Arcadia are full of picturesque, authentic villages. Tripoli, the city of Arcadia, is known for its brave people. They played a crucial role in the Greek War of Independence.

Salamis Island | Unique Greek Destinations

You may know the island of Salamis thanks to the naval battle of Salamis against the Persian Empire in 480 BC. It is in close proximity to Athens and it belongs to the administrative region of Attica. Although many Athenians visit Salamis for a short visit, it is rarely the first choice for their summer vacation.

But the island has a long history and it is featured in countless mythological stories. Not only that, but it was the birthplace of the ancient tragedian Euripides. The island has beautiful monasteries – including the historic monastery of Faneromeni-, various beaches, and forests.

Syros Island | Underrated Greek Destinations

Syros is a Cycladic island, just like Santorini and Paros. But fewer people know about it and even Greeks rarely consider it for their summer vacations. Perhaps that is because it was an important industrialized port island with an atmosphere that distinguishes it from the laid-back neighboring islands.

Syros is an impressive island with numerous neo-classical mansions – especially in its main town, Ermoupolis. The mayor’s house of Syros is one of the most impressive municipal buildings in the entire country. Ano Syros, a second town, was built by the Venetians. It still maintains a medieval atmosphere.

The island is the birthplace of many important Greek figures from antiquity till modern times, including the illustrious writer Emmanuel Rhoides and the legendary musician Markos Vamvakaris. If you love history and architecture, Syros island is an island you should add to your list.

Missolonghi | Unique Destinations in Greece

The most underrated place to visit in Greece might be Missolonghi – which today is mostly known for its salt. It is rarely on the list of Greeks and foreign visitors, unless they have any ties to it. Missolonghi did not only play a crucial role in the Greek War of Independence, inspiring the philhellene Lord Byron to participate in the revolution, but it is also one of the most unique Greek destinations.

The town, situated in Aetolia-Acarnania in West Greece, has a picturesque architecture but also a functional and modern urban planning that is hard to find in most Greek cities and towns. Moreover, it is one of the few places in Greece where you can safely ride your bike. It has many landmarks (including the Garden of Heroes), museums, and cultural centers. The first prime minister of Greece, Spyridon Trikoupis, was born in Missolonghi. The same applies to countless other important Greek figures.

A picturesque place that you should visit is Tourlida, an island in Missolonghi Lagoon, known for its picturesque fisherman houses on piles. Tourlida is connected to the shore by road and you could easily cycle there from the town of Missolonghi!

All of the above places are also known for their delicious local cuisine. The makaronopita (pasta pie) of Missolonghi, the loukoumi and frisoura of Syros, the chylopites of Arcadia, the anthogalera of Kithira…

If you enjoyed this video, feel free to like and subscribe. Do you have any other underrated Greek destinations to add to the list? You can leave a comment in the comment section!

Share YOUR “Summer in Greece” Story (Deadline: End of May) [Extended]

story

Since we are approaching the 2000 subscribers milestone, it is time to prepare a subscribers’ special video. This time, I would like to share YOUR short stories. The topic is “My Summer in Greece”.

If you would like to participate, you can choose between two options: a) a TRUE funny/romantic/horror vacation story you experienced while visiting Greece (as a foreign visitor) b) a nostalgic childhood memory (or memories) from the “χωριό” (chorio) (for Greeks and the Greek diaspora).  

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Requirements:

-The story should consist of 100-500 words.

-It should be written in English (channel’s main language).

-The plot should have a very clear beginning, middle, and end.

-Authors should avoid using inappropriate language; punctuation is important.

-It should be saved as a pdf/word document and uploaded on the Google forms (see link down below).

-The story must be original and not copy-pasted from an external source.

-The author should sign with his/her real name or a pseudonym and include his/her country of origin.

-All stories must be submitted by the end of May.

Anyone who watches/reads Helinika’s content and has visited Greece at least once, is eligible to submit his/her story. Stories that do not meet the above requirements, will not be included in the video.

I look forward to reading your submissions!

Upgrade Your Greek Skills with These Synonyms | Synonyms of “Καλός/Κακός» | Bilingual Vlog #2 [ENG/GR]

Speak Greek like a native speaker by replacing basic adjectives with their more impressive synonyms. No more «καλό» (good) and «τέλειο» (perfect). Watch Helinika’s video and upgrade your Greek language skills.

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How to Upgrade Your Greek Language Skills

Have you ever wondered what is the greatest difference between a beginner and an intermediate or advanced speaker? On one hand, they can keep a conversation and make less grammatical mistakes. But there is also another important difference: they reduce their use of basic adjectives, such as “good”, “bad”, “nice”, “tasty”, and “great”. And this is something you can improve at instantly. All you have to do is memorize a few synonyms and use them appropriately.

Greek Synonyms | Greek Adjectives You Should Start Using

Here is a list of positive and negative Greek adjectives you can start using today.

Describe a great meal in Greek by using these positive adjectives:

  • Καλό
  • Πολύ καλό
  • Νόστιμο
  • Πεντανόστιμο
  • Γευστικό
  • Τέλειο
  • Υπέροχο
  • Ονειρεμένο
  • Θεσπέσιο
  • Φανταστικό
  • Λιώνει στο στόμα
  • Καλοψημένο
  • Τραγανό
  • Φρέσκο

Describe a horrible meal in Greek with these negative adjectives:

  • Κακό
  • Πολύ κακό
  • Απαίσιο
  • Χάλια
  • Άνοστο
  • Ανάλατο
  • Λύσσα
  • Κακοψημένο
  • Καμένο
  • Άψητο
  • Αηδιαστικό
  • Μπαγιάτικο

Π.χ. Ετοίμασες ένα ονειρεμένο δείπνο. Η σαλάτα ήταν τραγανή και πεντανόστιμη. Η σούπα πολύ γευστική. Το κρέας καλοψημένο. Έλιωνε στο στόμα! Το επιδόρπιο… απλά ονειρεμένο.

Π.χ. Το εστιατόριο ήταν απαίσιο. Το κρέας ήταν άνοστο και καμένο. Η σούπα λύσσα – μα πόσο αλάτι έριξαν; Ακόμα και το ψωμί μπαγιάτικο ήταν.  

Describe a great movie/ book in Greek with these positive words:

  • Καλή/ καλό
  • Πολύ καλή/ καλό
  • Συναρπαστική/ συναρπαστικό
  • Εξαιρετική/ εξαιρετικό
  • Υπέροχη/ υπέροχο
  • Ενδιαφέρουσα/ ενδιαφέρον
  • Εύστοχη/ εύστοχο
  • Έξυπνη/ έξυπνο
  • Συγκλονιστική/ συγκλονιστικό

Describe a bad movie with these negative words:

  • Κακή/ κακό
  • Πολύ κακή/ κακό
  • Χλιαρή/ χλιαρό
  • Βαρετή/ βαρετό
  • Ανιαρή/ ανιαρό
  • Κουραστική/ κουραστικό
  • Χάλια
  • Κακογραμμένο (only for books)

Π.χ. Εξαιρετική η ταινία που μου πρότεινες. Εύστοχο σενάριο και ενδιαφέρουσα πλοκή.

Π.χ. Το βιβλίο ήταν κακογραμμένο και ανιαρό. Χάσιμο χρόνου.

Describe a person with positive and negative words:

  • Κακός/ κακιά
  • Κακόκαρδος/ κακόκαρδη
  • Καλός/ καλή
  • Καλόκαρδος/ καλόκαρδη
  • Υπέροχος/ υπέροχη
  • Απαίσιος/ απαίσια
  • Ειλικρινής
  • Ψεύτης/ ψεύτρα
  • Αγαπητός/ αγαπητή
  • Αγαθός/ αγαθή
  • Ζηλιάρης/ ζηλιάρη
  • Όμορφος/ όμορφη
  • Καλόψυχος/ καλόψυχη
  • Κακόψυχος/ κακόψυχος
  • Ήρεμος/ ήρεμη
  • Ανοιχτός/ ανοιχτή
  • Κλειστός/ κλειστή
  • Χαρούμενος/ χαρούμενη
  • Γκρινιάρης/ γκρινιάρα

Π.χ. Ο πατέρας του Ανδρέα είναι ένας καλόψυχος και ανοιχτός άνθρωπος.

Π.χ. Η Νίκη είναι απαίσια. Ζηλιάρα, γκρινιάρα και ψεύτρα.

Can you form your own examples? Leave a comment down below! Also, watch the above video for some additional words.

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Greek Synonyms and Antonyms Exercise. Can You Find the Correct Answer?

Test your Greek vocabulary skills with a synonym/antonym exercise. The exercise is two-fold: a) you need to know the meaning of the provided word/ phrase, b) you need to know the meaning of the words/ phrases from the multiple-choice options. Can you find the correct answer?

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What is an Antonym? What is a Synonym? | Etymology of Synonym and Antonym

The term “synonym” derives from the Greek word «συνώνυμο» (συν + όνομα). It means “equivalent” and, in semantics, it indicates a word or phrase that has the exact or very similar meaning to another word or phrase.

The opposite applies to “antonym” (αντώνυμο). An antonym is a word or phrase that has the opposite meaning of another word or phrase.

For example, a synonym of the English word “tasty” is the word “delicious”. An antonym of the English word “tall” is “short”.

Now, take pen and paper and try to find the answer to the questions down below.

Questions: Can You Find the Correct Synonym for the Greek Words Below?

Α) Αδύνατος

  • Δυνατός

  • Ψιλός

  • Ψηλός

Β) Ωραία

  • Άσχημη

  • Δυνατή

  • Όμορφη

Γ) Σπίτι

  • Όροφος

  • Οικία

  • Δήμος

Δ) Βοσκός

  • Τσοπάνης

  • Αγρότης

  • Κυνηγός

Ε) Νοσοκόμα

  • Δασκάλα

  • Γιατρός

  • Νοσηλεύτρια

ΣΤ) Τέλειο

  • Καλό

  • Άψογο

  • Μέτριο

Greek Synonyms | Answers

Α) Αδύνατος = Ψιλός
Β) Ωραία = Όμορφη
Γ) Σπίτι = Οικία
Δ) Βοσκός = Τσοπάνης
Ε) Νοσοκόμα = Νοσηλεύτρια
ΣΤ) Τέλειο = Άψογο

Questions: Can You Find the Correct Antonym for the Greek Words Below?

Α) Ψηλός

  • Ψιλός

  • Κοντός

  • Δυνατός

Β) Νεαρή

  • Μεγάλη

  • Άσχημη

  • Μικρή

Γ) Εργατικός

  • Δουλευταράς

  • Τεμπέλης

  • Παραγωγικός

Δ) Άστοχος

  • Εύστοχος

  • Στόχος

  • Στοχοπροσήλωση

Ε) Ορεινός

  • Βουνίσιος

  • Υπόγειος

  • Πεδινός

ΣΤ) Ταπεινός

  • Αλαζόνας

  • Πράος

  • Μετριόφρων

Greek Antonyms | Answers

Α) Ψηλός ≠ Κοντός
Β) Νεαρή ≠ Μεγάλη
Γ) Εργατικός ≠ Τεμπέλης
Δ) Άστοχος ≠ Εύστοχος
Ε) Ορεινός ≠ Πεδινός
ΣΤ) Ταπεινός ≠ Αλαζόνας

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Pronouncing Fraternity Names in Greek | Fraternity Letter Pronunciation (Alpha Chi, Pi Kappa Phi…)

Have you ever wondered how fraternities and sororities are pronounced in Greek? Although American fraternities and sororities are named after Greek letters (in various combinations), they sound nothing like they would sound in Greece.

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Pronouncing These Fraternities:

Alpha Phi Alpha

Alpha Tau Omega

Alpha Sigma Phi

Alpha Epsilon Pi

Pi Kappa Phi

Pi Kappa Alpha

Phi Gamma Delta

Tau Kappa Epsilon

Theta Chi

Sigma Alpha Epsilon

Sigma Phi Epsilon

Kappa Alpha Psi

Sigma Chi

Sigma Ni

Delta Tau Delta

Delta Sigma Phi

Lambda Chi Alpha

Omega Psi Phi

Zeta Beta

Greek Input #2: Colors and Color Adjectives in Greek | Comprehensible Input

greek colors

Welcome to another Greek comprehensible input video for learning Greek. With images and audio, you will be able to learn the colors and a few color adjectives in Greek. If you haven’t watched the previous comprehensible input video, make sure to check it out before moving forward with another video.

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Greek Colors Comprehensible Input

Τα χρώματα χωρίζονται σε δύο είδη. Έχουμε τα βασικά ή πρωτογενή χρώματα. Έχουμε και τα παράγωγα ή δευτερογενή χρώματα. Παραδοσιακά, στην ζωγραφική, τα βασικά χρώματα είναι: το κόκκινο, το κίτρινο, και το μπλε.

Δευτερογενή χρώματα είναι το πορτοκαλί, το πράσινο, και το μοβ. Τα τρία αυτά χρώματα ονομάζονται και παράγωγα. Παράγονται συνδυάζοντας τα βασικά χρώματα.

Κόκκινο και κίτρινο φτιάχνουν το πορτοκαλί. Κίτρινο και μπλε φτιάχνουν το πράσινο. Μπλε και κόκκινο φτιάχνουν το μωβ.

Τα χρώματα λειτουργούν πολλές φορές και ως επίθετα. Περιγράφουν ένα ουσιαστικό. Έχουμε τα «κλιτά» χρώματα, τα οποία «κλίνονται» – δηλαδή αλλάζουν μορφή. Αυτά είναι το κόκκινο, το πράσινο, και το κίτρινο. Υπάρχουν και τα «άκλιτα» χρώματα  – αυτά που δεν κλίνονται. Παραμένουν δηλαδή ίδια. Τα περισσότερα χρώματα είναι άκλιτα.

Ας δούμε ορισμένα παραδείγματα.

Το χρώμα της καρέκλας είναι κόκκινο. Η κόκκινη καρέκλα. Ο καναπές έχει χρώμα πράσινο. Ο καναπές είναι πράσινος. Το χρώμα του λουλουδιού είναι μπλε. Το μπλε λουλούδι. Τα πορτοκάλια έχουν χρώμα πορτοκαλί. Τα πορτοκαλί πορτοκάλια.

Τα χρώματα, πρωτογενή και δευτερογενή, έχουν ποικίλες αποχρώσεις.

Το απαλό μπλε, λέγεται και γαλάζιο. Ο ουρανός είναι γαλάζιος.

Το απαλό κόκκινο είναι το ροζ. Το ροζ φόρεμα.

Η απόχρωση ανάμεσα στο μπλε και το πράσινο λέγεται συνήθως τιρκουάζ. Τα τιρκουάζ νερά.

Κάποιες ονομασίες χρωμάτων και αποχρώσεων συνδέονται με συγκεκριμένα αντικείμενα, φαγητά, ή ζώα.

Η κανέλα έχει κανελί χρώμα. Το κανελί σκυλί.

Η βιολέτα έχει βιολετί χρώμα. Το βιολετί φλιτζάνι.

Ο καφές έχει καφέ χρώμα. Η καφέ αρκούδα.

Η μουστάρδα έχει μουσταρδί χρώμα. Η μουσταρδί μπλούζα.

Το καναρίνι έχει καναρινί χρώμα. Το καναρινί ποδήλατο.

Τέλος, ας μην ξεχάσουμε το άσπρο και το μαύρο. Το άσπρο λέγεται και λευκό. Το άσπρο, το λευκό, και το μαύρο είναι «κλιτά» χρώματα. Αλλάζουν μορφή όπως τα επίθετα.

 Ο λευκός άνδρας. Το λευκό πουκάμισο. Ο άσπρος τοίχος. Η μαύρη γάτα. Η ασπρόμαυρη φωτογραφία.

Μαύρο και άσπρο φτιάχνει το χρώμα γκρι. Το γκρι δεν «κλίνεται». Το γκρι ποντικάκι. «Κλίνεται» όμως με την μορφή: γκρίζος, γκρίζα, γκρίζο. Ο γκρίζος ουρανός. Τα γκρίζα μαλλιά.

Now, you can watch this video as many times as you want. If you are interested in the Greek language, history, and culture, feel free to subscribe and visit helinika.com for more content on these subjects. Last but not least, you can comment down below your favorite color in Greek.

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